This trend will continue, primarily due to countries such as China and India.
Study in Kyoto
The cultural capital of Japan, Kyoto, was the political capital for more than 1,000 years, until 1868. With 17 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, Kyoto is at the top of the list for students wishing to study Japan’s rich history. Today, the historic sites are surrounded by booming industries and businesses, and have a year-round program of festivals and cultural events.
Kyoto University is the second oldest and second ranked in Japan – 32nd in the QS World University Rankings. The Kyoto Institute of Technology is also highly regarded. In Kyoto you can choose from more than 30 universities and colleges. But even if you do not choose a university in Kyoto, this city is definitely worth a visit during your stay in Japan.
Study in osaka
Historical documents also record that Osaka has always been a place of meetings and exchanges – an international gateway for trade, politics and knowledge.
Today, Osaka remains a key economic and cultural center, with a large and diverse population and a larger economy than some individual countries. Kyoto’s “Capital of Culture” is just 40 kilometers away, but Osaka itself is a venue for art exhibitions, live music and performances, and is known for its beautiful and varied cuisine.
In higher education, Osaka also holds the brand: Osaka University ranks 45th in the QS World University Rankings.
In the first decade of the 21st century, international student mobility has been seriously affected by two events: the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001 and the recession of 2008.
The future of international student mobility
Today, the main motive for recruiting foreign students is not so much the attraction of talent and diversity of students, as the search for additional sources of income.
In response to this market need, a large number of commercial structures have emerged, offering student recruitment services, ranging from study agencies abroad to specialized sites compare and contrast essay online to buy.
How will such transformations affect the future of international student mobility?
Prior to 9/11, the United States was the undisputed leader in world higher education, but as a result, the visa regime for students has been tightened. Australia and the United Kingdom have taken advantage of this and successfully mastered a growing contingent of international students.
Between 2002 and 2009, the number of international students in higher education in Australia and the United Kingdom increased by 81% and 47%, respectively, and in the United States by only 18%. In absolute terms, Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States accepted an additional 100,000 students each during the same period.
This indicates a relatively slow growth in the number of international students in the United States, given that the scale of the American higher education system is 17 times larger than in Australia and eight times larger than in the United Kingdom.
In the middle of the first decade of the 21st century, it was often said how unattractive the United States was to international students and how successful Australia and the United Kingdom had been. In fact, the United States reached its lowest point in the 2005/06 academic year, when the number of international students decreased by 21,500 compared to the 2002/03 academic year.
At the same time, the number of international students in Australia and the United Kingdom increased by 85,000. This increase is largely due to the commission-based student enrollment system, which has been recognized as the most effective for international student enrollment.
The increase in the number of international students in Australia and the United Kingdom could continue, but the 2008 recession changed the course of events. As a result, two important issues have arisen concerning the two countries. First, the high ratio of foreign and domestic students, and secondly – the question of quality when using aggressive methods of student recruitment.
According to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), in 2009 foreign students accounted for 21.5% and 15.3% of all university students in Australia and the United Kingdom, respectively, compared to less than 4% in the United States. This clearly shows that Australia and the UK are too dependent on international students.
This situation was the result of aggressive recruitment methods that paid little attention to the quality of their activities. There are many cases where people who were more interested in immigration than education used fake documents.
A 2009 article by The Telegraph noted that “there have been many cases of fraud involving foreign nationals trying to enter the UK as fictitious students.”
Migration problems have led to tighter visa regimes in Australia and the United Kingdom. As a result, recent data show a sharp decline in the number of international students in these countries. For example, the issuance of student visas in the UK decreased by 6% in 2010. In Australia, the offshore issuance of visas – an indicator of new enrollment of foreigners in universities decreased by 20% in 2010-11.
While the US economy is struggling to recover, perhaps now is the time for the US to redouble its efforts to attract international students. There are three main reasons for this.
First, the tightening of visas in Australia and the UK makes these countries less attractive to students, as they see fewer prospects for future work and immigration (Australia has already announced a easing of visas for students – ed.). Second, the cuts in the budgets of American public schools are forcing them to recruit more foreign students as an additional source of income.
Finally, as the US Department of Homeland Security launches the Study in the States website for providing information to international students, even the US government is increasingly taking foreign students.
However, some of the preliminary reports for the fall of 2011 show an increase in the number of foreign students in American universities.
For example, at the University of Iowa, the enrollment of international students in the first year reached a record level of 484 people this year, compared to 388 last year. At Arkansas State University, the number of international students enrolled in the fall of 2011 increased to 1,000 (780 last year).
According to the OECD, between 2000 and 2009, the number of international students in the world increased by 1.6 million.
This trend will continue, primarily due to countries such as China and India. At the same time, the expansion of higher education systems in these countries is detrimental to their quality. This will lead to a large number of students who want to get a quality education abroad and have the opportunity to pay for it. However, it is difficult to predict what this growth will lead to.
Unpredictable events such as 9/11 or the recession appear to have a global impact on student mobility. In addition, government policies regarding visa requirements, in particular those related to financial requirements and the possibility of further work, will have a major impact on international students.
Competition will also promote the growth of alternative recruitment models. However, the adoption of these models cannot do without risks, pitfalls and conflicts. For example, the agency model continues to raise questions about the quality of the recruitment process, especially with regard to forgery.
Paradoxically, the agency model, which has facilitated a number of visa frauds in Australia and the United Kingdom and led to a reduction in the number of international students, is currently being praised in the United States. These models will certainly help increase student mobility, but will also bring great risks to the countries that use them.
The mobility of foreign students is a source of enrichment and development of educational institutions, students and peoples. The outlook looks attractive given the increase in the number of international students, but the competition will also become fiercer, making the picture less predictable.
In a sea of opportunities and uncertainties, universities and countries that can adapt to a changing environment will feel best.
Author: Raoul Chaudakha, University World News
▶ Study in England▶ Australia has announced visa liberalization for international students▶ French universities are trying to attract foreign students▶ Ukrainian students are still far from “European mobility”▶ France plans to make it easier for foreign graduates to obtain work visas▶ Britain is trying to maintain the growth rate of the number of foreign students▶ US simplifies visa regime for students
Known for its miniature things, speeds and advanced technology, Japan is one of the most developed countries in the world. This country is not inferior in terms of education
Higher education in Japan
Japan’s economic growth, characterized by active research and industrial development, is associated with such international brands as Nissan, Toyota, Panasonic, Canon and Sony, as well as with the production of robots for various purposes.
Not surprisingly, all of these innovations are based on an excellent higher education system. According to the QS World University Rankings 2011/12, three Japanese universities are in the top 50: the University of Tokyo – 25th, Kyoto University – 32nd and Osaka University Osaka University) in 45th place.
If you dream of studying in Japan, the homeland of high-speed trains, Nintendo, instant noodles and, of course, karaoke, you will be pleased to learn that Japan is also interested in you.